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Nurse Mobile Foot Clinic

A step to healthy feet - Tel: 0777 637 5988

CHOOSING FOOTWEAR

The choosing of a shoe is perhaps the single most important factor in maintaining the health of your feet. The shoe must protect and support yet at the same time allow enough room for growth in children or room to wiggle your toes if you are an adult. When selecting a shoe shop you should always go to one where they are prepared to measure your feet and where the staff are properly trained in measuring feet.

You should look for shoes with following features:

  •  Available in half sizes as well as whole sizes
  •  That there is a range of width fittings
  • A roomy toe shape which avoids pressure and gives the toes the space they need
  •  Wrap around protection for ankle and instep support if required
  • Adjustable fastenings to hold the foot firmly but gently at the back of the shoe
  • Plenty of depth at the instep
  • No hard seams that will cause discomfort or rubbing
  • The sole should be soft and flexible to bend with the foot, and that anti-slip soles are safe and inspire confidence
  • The best uppers are made of leather. It can be stretched if required, and will bend with the foot.

FINDING THE FIT Shoes should be checked every 2 to 3 months, this is particularly important with children’s’ feet as they tend to grow in spurts. Measuring is only a first stage in shoe fitting. No two feet are the same and each foot must be measured for both width, depth and length. Shoe shapes must be matched to the foot and not the other way around. Don’t be frightened to ask the shoe fitter to see different styles and types. With the fastening undone, the shoe should be slipped on with a gentle twisting action. The heel of the foot needs to be held securely in the back of the shoe.

HANDY HINTS:

i) Stand on a piece of card and draw around your foot with a pencil. Cut out the template and take this with you to the shoe shop. If the template does not fit into the shoe then don’t buy them.

ii) A quick and rough guide for fitting is to place your foot on top of the shoe with your heel firmly placed back in the heel cup whilst in a standing position. If your toes extend beyond the shape of the shoe, then they are not big enough.

LENGTH Free movement of the toes is essential. A minimum of half an inch is required. Check for width fitting at (i) the widest part of the forefoot (usually from the big toe joint across to the base of the little toe) and (ii) across the toes.

DEPTH Often not considered, but particularly important is the toe box. Inadequate depth here causes pressure on the toes which can lead to blisters, calluses and corns.

BACK OF THE SHOE There should be no pressure between the back of the shoe and the heel. The curve of the shoe must match the curve of the heel. The heel of the shoe should not slip. If it does you are likely to claw your toes in order to hold it on.

INSTEP FASTENINGS It is essential that the shoe is held firmly on your foot. This requires the shoe to have laces, buckles or “velcro” style fastenings. The higher up the instep the shoe comes the more successful the shoe is at holding the foot.

WALKING This is the final test of a good fit. Always insist on walking up and down in the shoe shop before you purchase your shoes. Look at the shoes to ensure there is no excessive creasing across the forepart or gaping at the sides. Check to make sure they do not slip up and down or that they cramp your toes in anyway.